Rio de Janeiro's annual carnival
Rio de Janeiro's annual carnival is the world's most famous carnival, with many Samba schools competing with each other for a large number of dances.
Carnival is an Italian idea created by followers of the Catholic faith. They wore distinctive and beautiful clothes for one day before Ash Wednesday, which falls on the first day of Passover and the Great Fast, when they refrain from eating meat, and the carnival means keeping away from meat.
The carnival spread to Catholic countries. With the spread of European rule in the world, this carnival spread in many cities until it reached the city of Rio de Janeiro. It developed over time to become the first festival in the world. The festival begins officially with the last Sunday before Ash Wednesday, but the festivities begin several days earlier. The festival officially lasts for four days, but begins several days earlier, so it can last up to ten days.
The festival is held annually in Rio de Janeiro, the city of Rio de Janeiro state, the capital of the state and the former capital of Brazil. The city was founded in early 1565 and occupies an area of 1260 and has a population of about 14 million.
The festival was first held in 1929, and in 1930, five Samba schools participated in the celebrations. After that, the number of participating schools began to increase. In 1952, spaces were built for public to allow them to watch the marches. After increasing the number of the festival public, the Brazilian government began to benefit financially from this festival. In 1961, a certain price was allocated for tickets to the public. The proceeds of this festival were used to establish a number of projects. In 1974, the festival was broadcasted on television, which contributed to the popularity of this carnival. In 1978, the exhibition was moved to Marques de and still presented in this region until this day.
In 1983, the architect Oscar Nemér designed a permanent local stadium for the marches in that area, commissioned by the governor Lionel Brizola at that time. The reason for the establishment of this stadium was the increase in the number of participating schools, which led to the length of the procession and increased fatigue and exhaustion to the public.
The Rio de Janeiro festival is a distinctive source of income for the Brazilian government. In 2017, the festival's revenues reached about 960 million US dollars, contributing to the creation of several projects that boosted the country's development.
With the development of transportation and the spread of modern technology, and the reputation gained by the festival, the number of tourists visiting Brazil has increased to see it, and the number of tourists in 2017 reached about one million and one hundred thousand tourists and is expected to increase this year to 1.5 million tourists, the festival is expected to exceed the 1 billion dollars mark this year.
The activities of the Rio de Janeiro carnival are numerous, where public reviews roam streets of the city of Rio de Janeiro which considered the capital of the carnival. Many marches are held in a number of other cities, but their marches are small compared to the marches in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The marches reflect the culture of the area in which they are held. For example, marches in the Olinda region are marked by folk folklore in that region, where maracas dances are performed.
The Rio de Janeiro carnival is marked by the distinctive clothes of the participating schools, which begin to think about the design of these clothes a few weeks and months before the beginning of this huge carnival.
These clothes are combined with threading, glazing, beads, lightning, paper and fabrics, and huge frames are created by bending the wire into striking shapes that are painted in bright colors.
The Samba schools that participate in the Rio de Janeiro Carnival use natural materials such as feathers, bones, and shells to decorate their dresses, believing that natural materials bring them luck.
The celebrations of the Rio de Janeiro Carnival include dancing, where the Samba schools compete with their distinctive dance performances. Each school adds its magic touch to its own dance. The carnival also includes the African show, featuring large dolls worn by people, fighting with sticks, beatings on African drums, and the drums made of solid pans that belong to Trinidad and Tobago to allow the tourist hear the wonderful rhythms that the Samba dancers dance on.
The festival is attended by a large number of Samba schools, which are divided into five groups that compete with each other. Each school is composed of several people. The members of this school must have creative thinking in order to charm the tourists while they enter the area where they will perform their dance. The winning school is selected according to ten criteria, the most important of which are the ornaments, the idea of dance, the music chosen to perform the dance on its tones, the quality of performance and the flexibility of the dancers while performing this dance.
Finally, if you want to experience a distinctive and unique experience, you will see a fascinating world of colors and dances. Visit the city of Rio de Janeiro and attend the Rio de Janeiro Carnival to experience an unforgettable experience.